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400th


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400th


 
 

Tokugawa Ieyasu lived from 1543-1616.

In his lifetime, he witnessed and was involved in violent civil wars in Japan, the arrival of European merchants and Jesuits, the emergence of powerful warlords who began to reunify the country, an unprovoked and deadly invasion of Korea, and the founding of the Tokugawa Shogunate, which ruled Japan in relative peace until the mid-nineteenth century.

2016 is the quadricentennial of Ieyasu's death. This site will share stories, images, and resources related to Ieyasu, to the book Spectacular Accumulation, and to this 400-year anniversary, which resonates in the contemporary world in manifold ways.

 
 
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Timeline


A brief timeline of Tokugawa Ieyasu's life and career.

Timeline


A brief timeline of Tokugawa Ieyasu's life and career.


1469-1510 – Sakai served as the gateway for official missions to Ming China    (significant mercantile activity)
1490 – Shogun Ashikaga Yoshimasa’s death
1511 – The first documentary reference to the Manual of the Attendant of the Shogunal Collection (Kundaikan sochoki)
1533 – Gathering Records of Tennojiya (Tennonjiya kaiki); tea diary
1543 – Tokugawa Ieyasu is born
1543 – Europeans arrive in Japan
1547 – Ieyasu is sent as a hostage to the Imagawa clan
1548 – Gathering Records of Matsuya (Matsuya kaiki); tea diary
1549 – Warlord Miyoshi Masanaga’s death
1552 – Warriors actively exchange hostages to buttress military positions
1557 – Imagawa Yoshimoto arranges for Ieyasu to marry the daughter of Sekiguchi Yoshimoto
1558 – Oda Nobunaga consolidates his hold on the Oda house
1558 – Ieyasu traveles with Yoshimoto and his forces in an assault on a castle on the outskirts of a neighboring domain, controlled by the Oda
1559 – Ieyasu’s wife gives birth to their first child, a son named Takechiyo
1560 – Nobunaga eliminates Imagawa Yoshimoto at the Battle of Okehazama
1560 – Ieyasu reclaims his birthright as a warlord
1563 – Ieyasu sanctions the betrothal of his first son Takechiyo to Nobunaga’s daughter Tokuhime
1567 – A group of warrior leaders from Mino defects to the side of Nobunaga, and “asked him to accept hostages from them” as proof of their sincere intentions
1568 – Nobunaga marches toward Kyoto with the intent of installing the scheming Ashikaga Yoshiaki as shogun
1569-1570 – Nobunaga’s Hunt for Famous Objects (meibutsu gari)
1571 – Nobunaga’s assault on the temple complex of Enryakuji
1573 – Nobunaga enters Kyoto with a large army and surroundes Ashikaga Yoshiaki’s caste at Nijo, exiling the shogun
1575 – Nobunaga passes the headship of the Oda house to his son, Oda Nobutada
1577-1578 – After being criticized by Nobunaga, Toyotomi (Hashiba) Hideyoshi lays siege to Kozuki Castle. As a reward, Hideyoshi receives a famous tea kettle.
1579 – Nobunaga orders the execution of more than six hundred hostages taken from the warlord Araki Yoshishige
1579 – Tokuhima writes a letter to her father, Nobunaga, that her husband and mother-in-law were engaged in serious scheming against the Oda cause
1579 – Nobuyasu commits ritual suicide
1582 – Nobunaga and Ieyasu defeat one of the most significant warlord families to resist the Oda lord: the Takeda
1582 – Nobunaga assassinated
1583 – Hideyoshi defeats the armies of Shibata Katsuie, a major rival
1584 – Battles of Komaki and Nagakute: Hideyoshi unable to pin down Ieyasu despite his advantageous circumstances
1585 – Hideyoshi’s tea gathering at Daitokuji
1585 – Hideyoshi attains the rank of imperial chancellor (kanpaku)
1586 – Hideyoshi attains the rank of great minister of state (daijo daijin)
1586 – Hideyoshi publicly rewards Ishikawa Kazumasa for his defection from Ieyasu
1586 – Ieyasu submits to Hideyoshi
1587 – Hideyoshi announces a massive, mandatory tea gathering (Grank Kitano Tea Gathering)
1589 – Hideyoshi begins his assaults on Hojo territory
1590 – Hojo Ujinao submits to Hideyoshi
1592 – Japan’s attack on Korea, beginning of the Imjin War
1593 – Korean Admiral Yi Sun Shin defeats Japanese naval vessels with his turtle ships
1596 – The enormous Tensho Earthquake destroys Fushimi Castle and damages Kyoto
1597 – Japanese troops resume hostilities in Korea in the second phase of the Imjin War
1598 – Toyotomi Hideyoshi dies, troops withdraw from Korea
1600 – Ieyasu and the various pro-Tokugawa forces are victorious at the Battle of Sekigahara
1601 – Ieyasu orders the provinces of eastern Japan to conduct land surveys (kenchi)
1602 – Ieyasu orders the construction of a library in Edo Castle
1603 – Ieyasu appointed to the post of shogun by Emperor Go-Yozei
1605 – Ieyasu retired from the post of shogun and his adult son, Hidetada, is installed in the position
1612 – Ieyasu hunts more than seventy birds while traveling between Nagoya and Sunpu, and sends all of them to Hideyori and the emperor
1612 – Ieyasu issues a short set of regulations for the court which notably includes the prohibition of falconry by courtiers
1613 – Regulations Governing Court Approval of Purple Robes issued
1614 – Ieyasu leads an army toward the first confrontation with Toyotomi Hideyori in Osaka Castle
1615 – Ieyasu destroys Osaka Castle and extinguishes the threat of the Toyotomi house
1616 – Ieyasu dies on 4/17
1616 – Ieyasu's body is interred at Kunozan, a mountain near Sunpu, and he is deified as Tosho Daigongen in the first Toshosha. Soon he is transferred to a larger Toshosha at Mt. Nikko
1622 – Annual festivals marking the death of Ieyasu begin
1623 – Hidetada retires as shogun, and Ieyasu’s grandson, Iemitsu, is appointed ruler
1634-1636 – The shrine at Nikko is expanded into a massive shrine complex, the Toshogu; smaller structures for the worship of Tosho Daigongen spread across Japan
1636 – Ietmitsu's commissioned text, Origin of the Shrine That Illuminates the East (Toshosha engi) is completed
1640 – Ceremonial dedication of Origins of the Great Avatar Who Illuminates the East
1641 – Iemitsu orders Ota Sukemune to manage the massive project of compiling the genealogies of all warrior households
1643 – Genealogies of the Houses of the Kan’ei Period is completed
1651 – Iemitsu dies
1868 – Fall of the Tokugawa government
1889 – 300th anniversary of Edo's founding celebrated in Ueno Park, Tokyo
1934 – Establishment of Nikko National Park
1935 – Tokugawa Art Museum founded by Marquis Tokugawa Yoshichika, Nagoya
1937 – Emperor Hirohito visits the Tokugawa Art Museum
1942-1944 – Yoshichika serves as civil governor of occupied Malaya and honorary president of Singapore's Raffles Museum and Botanical Gardens
1983 – The Shogun Age exhibition opens at the Los Angeles County Museum of Art, later traveling to Dallas, Munich, Paris, and Montreal
1999 – Nikko is inscribed as a UNESCO World Heritage Site
2005 – Shogun exhibition opens at the Royal Armouries Museum, Leeds, U.K.
2007 – Dai Tokugawa ten opens at the Tokyo National Museum